Glossary of Grains, cereal and flour in English, Hindi, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam.
Grains, rice and flour made out of grains are the energy-giving, starchy, staple foods in Indian kitchen (also in many other cuisines as well). Some of the grains and flour names mentioned below in the table are gluten free.
Whether the whole grain or further processed product like flour, these food are valuable source of nutritious fiber and complex carbohydrates.
They have long storage life that makes them a most practical foundation for everyday meals. They should be kept in airtight container in the pantry.
Below is the handy table for grains, cereal that may help you. The table after that contains Indian flour names. The first column has English name and following columns have names in Indian regional languages. You will notice the links in the English column. Those links will provide you the list of recipes made using that ingredient.
If I have missed any or if you know any regional language names, please let me know in comments below.
I will try to add other languages in future. Your help is greatly appreciated.
Glossary of cereal, grains names
English Hindi Gujarati Marathi Tamil Telugu Malayalam Amaranth grain Rajgira Rajgaro Barley Jau Jav Satu Barliarisi Barli Biyyam Broken wheat Dalia Fada ghaum Gavache Satva Godhumai Ravai Godumalu Rawa Gothumbu Nurukku Buckwheat Sabut kuttu Millet, Barnyard Sama ke chawal Samo /Moraiyo Bhagar /Varai Kuthirai valli Odalu Kavadapullu Millet, finger Ragi Nachani Kelviragu Ragulu Panji pullu Millet, foxtail Kangni Kang Rala Thinai Korra biyam Thina Millet, kodo Kodra Kodri Varagu Arikelu Koovaragu Millet, Little Kutki Kuri Vari Saamai Sama Chama Millet, pearl Bajra Bajri Bajri Kambu Sajjalu Kambam Millet, Sorghum Jowar Juvar Jowari Cholam Jonna Cholam Rice Chawal Chokha Tandul Arisi Biyam Pachari Rice, beaten (rice flakes) Poha Pauva Pohe Aval Attugulu Aval Rice, parboiled Ukda chawal Puzhungal Arisi Uppudu biyam Puzhungalari Rice, puffed Murmura Mamra Churmura Pori Borugulu Pori Semolina Sooji Soji (ravo) Rava Ravai Bombai Rawa Rava Tapioca Sago Sabudana Sabudana Javvarisi Saggubiyyam Kappa Whole wheat Ghenhu Ghaum Gahu Godumai Godumalu Gothumbu
Glossary of Indian flour names
English Hindi Gujarati Marathi Tamil Telugu Malayalam Amaranth flour Rajgire ka atta Rajgara no lot Rajgira pith Rajgira pindi All purpose flour Maida Mendo Maida/kanik Maida Maavu Maida Pindi Maida mavu Arrowroot flour paniphal atta Bengal gram flour Besan chana no lot Besan Kadalai mavu Senaga Pindi Kadala Podi Buckwheat flour Kuttu ka atta Finger millet flour Ragi/Nachani atta Maize flour Makki ka atta Pearl millet flour Bajre ka atta Barji no lot Rice flour Chawal ka atta Chokha no lot Tandulacha peeth Arisi mavu Biyyam pindi Ari podi Water chestnut flour Singhare ka atta Singhoda no lot White millet flour Jowar atta Whole wheat flour Atta Ghaum no lot Kanik Godumai mavu Godhuma pindi Gothambu Podi