List of Vegetable names in English, Hindi and other languages

Glossary of Vegetables in English, Hindi, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam.

List of Vegetable names in English, Hindi and other languages

Vegetables are the foundation of a healthy diet. And they are at their freshest, tastiest and most nutritious when they are in season and locally grown. I usually buy my vegetables from local farmer’s market. But I can’t find few Indian vegetables there, so I buy them from Indian grocery stores. I highly recommend to buy and eat organic vegetables, if possible.

Eating more fresh vegetables is one of the simplest choices you can make to improve your overall health. A vegetable-rich diet can help protect you from many diseases and can even help slow down your body’s aging process.

Below is the handy table that may help you. The first column has English name of the vegetable and following columns have vegetable names in Indian regional languages. You will notice the links in the English column. Those links will provide you the list of recipes made using that vegetable.

If I have missed any or if you know any regional language names, please let me know in comments below.

I will try to add other languages in future. Your help is greatly appreciated.

EnglishHindiGujaratiMarathiTamilTeluguMalayalam
Amaranth leavesChauli bhaji – चौली भाजीLal mathMolaikeeraiTotakuraChuvanna cheera
Ash gourdPetha-पेठाPethaKohlaPoosanikai (Pushini Kaiy)Boodida gummadikayaKumbalanga
Banana flowerKele ka phool – केले का फूलkela na fulKelfulVazhaipooArati PuvvuPazham Vazhakudappan
BeetrootChukandar – चुकंदरBeetBeetBeetroot kijanguBeetrootBeetroot
Bell Pepper (Capsicum)Shimla mirch – शिमला मिर्चBholak marchuBhopli/bhongi mirchiKudamilagaiKuda mulagu
Bitter gourdKarela – करेलाkareluKarlaPavara kaiyKakara kayiPavakka
BottlegourdLauki – लौकी or GhiaDudhiDudhi BhoplaSura kaiySorakayaChurakka
Broad beans (fava beans, lima beans, butter beans)Sem ki phalli – सेम की फली or PapdivalpapdivalpapdiAvara kaiyPedda ChikkuduAmarakka
CabbagePatta gobi – पत्ता गोबी or Bandh gobhiKobiKobiMuttaikosCabbageMuttakoos
CarrotGajar – गाजरGajarGaajarCarrotGajjara gaddaCarrot
CauliflowerPhool gobi – फूल गोबीkoli flowerPhulkobiKovippuCauliflowerCauliflower
Cluster beansGawar ki phalli – गवार की फलीGavarGavarKothavarangaiGoruchikkuduKothamara
Coconut (fresh)Nariyal – नारियलNaliyerNaralThengaiKobbari KaayaThenga
Colocasia leaves (Taro leaves)Arbi patta – अरबी पत्ताPatraAluchi panaChepankizhanguChemagaddaChembu
Colocasia roots (Taro roots)Arbi – अरबीArviAluChepankizhanguChemagaddaChembu
Coriander leaves (Cilantro)Hara Dhania – हरा धनियाKothmir (Dhana)KothimbirKothamalliKothimeeraKothamalli
CornMakkai – मकाई or BhuttaMakaiMakaCholamMokkajonna KandeluCholam
CucumberKakdi – ककड़ी or Kheera – खीराKakdiKakdiVelleri KaiyKheera DosakayaVellarikka
Curry leavesKari patta – कड़ी पत्ताMitho limdoKadhilimbachi panaKaruvepillaiKarivepakuKariveppela
Dill leavesSuva bhaji – सुवा भाजीSava ni bhajiShepuSathakuppi SompaSoya KooraSathakuppa
DrumsticksSurjan ki phalliSaragva ni singhShevgyachya shengaMurungaikkaiMulakadaMuringakayi
Eggplant (Brinjal or Aubergine)Baingan – बैंगनRinganVangaKathirikaiVankayaVazhuthananga
Elephant YamZimikand – जिमीकंद or Suran – सुरनSuranSuranChenai kizhanguKanda gaddaChena
Fenugreek leavesMethi – मेथीMethi ni bhajiMethi bhajiVendayakeeraiMenthi kuraUluva
French Beans (Green beans)Farash beansFansiShravan ghevdaBeansBeansBeans
GarlicLahsun – लहसुनLasanLassunPoonduVellulliVelluthulli
GingerAdrak – अदरकAaduSunthaInjiAllamInji
Green chiliHari mirch – हरी मिर्चLila marchaHirvya mirchyaPachai MilagaiPacchi MirapakayaPachchamulaku
Green onion (Scallian or Spring onion)Hari pyaz – हरी प्याज़Lili DungriKanda pathPallari VengayamVulli KadaUlli Thal
Green peasMatar – मटरVatanaMatarPattaniPachi bataniPattani
Ivy gourdTendli – टेंडलीTindoraTondliKovaikkaiDondakayaKovaykka
JackfruitKathal – कठलPhanasPhanasPala PazhamPanasakaiChakka
Lemon (Lime)Nimbu – निम्बूLimbuLimbuElumichampazhamNimmakayaCherunaranga
Mint leavesPudina – पुदीनाfudinoPudinaPudinaPudina akkuPudinaa
MushroomKhumbhMushroomKhumbhKaalanKukka GoduguKoon
Mustard leavesSarso ka saag – सरसों का सागRai limbaRai chi paanAava aakuKaduguila
Okra (Ladies’ finger)Bhindi – भिंडीBhindaBhendiVendaikkaiBendakayaBendakaya
OnionPyaaz – प्याजDungari (Kanda)KandaVengayamUllipayaUlli
Plantain (raw banana)kachha kela – कच्चा केलाKacha kelaVazhaikkaiPachi AratikayaKaya (Nenthrakaya)
PotatoAloo – आलूBatata (Bataka)BatataUrulaikizhanguBangala Dumpa (Alugadda)Urulakhizhangu
PumpkinKaddu – कददूKoluLal bhoplaSeetaphulGummadikayaMathanga
Radish (Daikon)Mooli – मूलीMulaMulaMullangiMullangiMullangi
Ridge gourdTurai – तुरईTuriaDodkaPeerkangaiBeerakayaPeechinga
Shallot (pearl onion)Chota pyaaz – छोटा प्याज or Sambar onionNani dungariChote kandeChina (Sambar vebgayam)UllipaayaCheriya ulli
Snake gourdChirchindaParvalPadvalPudalang kaiyPotlakayaPadavalanga
Sorrel leavesPitwaaAmbadiPulicha keeraiGonguraGongura
SpinachPalak – पालकPalakPalakPasala keeraiPalakuraPalak cheera
Sweet potatoShakarkandi – शकरकंदीShakkariyaRatalaValli kijanguChilakada DumpaMadhura Kizhangue
TomatoTamatar – टमाटरTametaTamatarThakkaliTomatoTakkali

 

References:

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