List of Spices in English, Hindi and other languages

Glossary of Spices, Herbs and Misc. names in English, Hindi, Gujarati, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu and Malayalam.

List of Spices in English, Hindi and other languages

List of commonly used whole spices in Indian kitchen

The spices and herbs are a prominent reason why the Indian food has become so favorite among the people across the globe. Complex flavors are built up in dishes by using spices (or herbs) that complements each other. Some are used for their taste, others for their aroma. Some have souring properties; in others the color in important.

The moment at which spices are added to a dish makes a crucial difference. Whether they are used in tempering or they are first dry roasted or not. Spices will impart their flavor to a dish if they are added at the beginning of cooking or if sprinkled on towards the end of cooking.

List of Spices in English, Hindi and other languages

Another list of whole spices which used very frequently

Below is the handy table that may help you. The first column has English name and following columns have names in Indian regional languages.

If I have missed any or if you know any regional language names, please let me know in comments below.

I will try to add other languages in future. Your help is greatly appreciated.

Before we jump on the table, here is the basic spice powders used almost every single day in any Indian kitchen.

List of Spices in English, Hindi and other languages

EnglishHindiGujaratiMarathiTamilTeluguMalayalam
Aniseed (fennel seeds)Saunf – सौंफVariyaliBadishepSombuSopuginjaPerumjeerakam
AsafoetidaHing – हींगHingHingPerungayamInguvaKayam
Basil, holyTulsi – तुलसीTulsiTulsiThulasiThulasi AakuluSivatulasi
Bay leaf, IndianTej patta – तेज पत्ताTamal patraTamal patriBrinji elaiTalisapatriKaruva ela
Black peppercornsKali mirch – काली मिर्चKala mariKali miriMilaguMiriyaluKrumulagu
Black saltKala namak – कला नमकSanchalKarutha Uppu
ButterMakkhan – मख्खनMakhanLoniVennaiVennaVenna
Caraway seedShahjeera – शाहजीरा or kala jeeraShahi jeeruShajeeraKarun JeerakamSeema SopyginjaleSeemajeerakam
Cardamom, blackBadi elaichi – बड़ी इलाइचीMoti elaychiVeldodaPeriya elakkaiYalakullu
Cardamom, greenChoti elaichi – छोटी इलाइचीElaychiVeldodaElakkaiYalakulluElam
Carom seedAjwain – अजवाईनAjamoOva
Cinnamon stickDalchini – दालचीनीTajDalchiniLavanga pattaiDalchina ChekkaKaruva patta
Citric acidNimboo sat – नींबू सतLimbu na phool (Saji na phool)Nimma uppu
Clarified butterGhee – घीGheeTupNeiNeyyiNey
ClovesLaung – लौंगLavingLavangKrambuLavangaluGrambu
Coriander seedSabut dhaniya – साबुत धनियाDhanaDhanayKothamalliveraiDhaniyaluKothamalli
Coriander leavesHara Dhania – हरा धनियाKothmir (Dhana)KothimbirKothamalliKothimeeraKothamalli
Cumin seedJeera – जीराJiruJiraJeeragamJeelakaraJeerakam
Curry leafKari patta – कड़ी पत्ताMitho limdoKadhilimbachi panaKaruvepillaiKarivepakuKariveppela
Dill leavesSuva bhaji – सुवा भाजीSava ni bhajiShepuSathakuppi SompaSoya KooraSathakuppa
Dried mango powderAmchur – आमचूरamchurAmchurMangai podiMamidikaya PudiManga Podi
Dry Pomegranate seedsAnardana – अनारदानाDadam na danaDalimbache DaneMaadhulai VidhaiDaanimma GinjaluMadhalanaranga
Dried red chiliSukhi lal mirch – सुखी लाल मिर्चSuku lal marchuMirchyaVatral milagaiErra Mirapa KayaluVattalmulaku
Dried fenugreek leavesKasoori methi – कसूरी मेथीkasoori methiVenthiya KeeraMenthikora
Edible leaf (Gold or silver)Varakh (sona or chandi) – वरखVarakhVaraq
Fenugreek seedMethi ke dane – मेथी के दानेMethi na danaMethiVendayamMenthuluUluva
Dried ginger powderSaunth – सौंठSunthSunthaSukkuSontiChukku
HoneyShahad – शहदMadhMadhThenTheeneThean
JaggeryGur – गुड़Gol (Gor)GulVellamBellamSharkkara
MaceJavitri – जावित्रीJavintriJaipatriJadipattriJapathriJathipathri
Mint leavesPudina – पुदीनाfudinoPudinaPudinaPudina akkuPudinaa
MilkDoodh – दूधDoodhDudhPaalPaluPaal
Mustard seedRai – राय or sarsoRaiMohriKaduguAavaaluKaduku
Nigella seed (Onion seed)Kalonji – कलोंजीKaruppu yelNalla vittanalukarinjirakam
NutmegJaiphal – जायफलJaiphalJaiphalJhadhikkaiJajikayiJathi
Red chili powderLal mirch powder – लाल मिर्च पाउडरLal marchuLal mirchyaMulakupodiErra Mirapa KayaluMulakupodi
Rock flower (Stone flower)Pathar phool – पत्थर फूलDagad phool
Rock saltSendha namak – सेंधा नमकSendhalu mithuSaindhav meethKal uppuRalu Uppu
Rose waterGulab jal – गुलाब जलGulab jalGulab pani
SaffronKesar – केसरKesarKesharKungumappuKukumpoovuKumkumappovu
SaltNamak – नमकMithuMeethUppuUppuUppu
Star aniseChakraphool – चक्रफूलBadianAnashuppuAnaspuvuTakkolam
SugarShakkar – शक्कर or Chini – चीनीKhandSaakharChakkaraiChakaraPanjasara
TamarindImli – इमलीAambaliChinchaPuliChinthapanduVaallan puli
TurmericHaldi – हल्दीHaldarHaladManjalPasupuManjal
VinegarSirka – सिरकाSirkoShirkaPulikaadiChorukka

References:

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